Independent nations have well structures systems that help them to manage the nation properly. Governments collect taxes or sometimes borrow funds in order to manage the affairs of the nation. A case in point of government service providers are the ministries of health, transport, defense, agriculture, finance and commerce.
The government has got internal mechanisms that ensure the arms of government are independent and watch over the excesses of each other. This is the executive, the legislature and the judiciary. The executive is the head of government and appoints several ministries in order to manage different social, economic and intellectual aspects of managing a government. The ministries formulate policies, provide essential services and manage government operations. The legislature on the other hand are elected by the populace. Depending on the structure of the legislature, this arm of government provide laws that govern the federal, state or county governments. The judiciary are the guardians of the law hence they interpret the law of the land, and preside over civil and criminal cases.
The judiciary is the custodian of the constitution and laws of the land. They do this by managing both civil and criminal cases. They are also the ones who interpret the law that have been formulated over time. The judicial officer such as judges and magistrates are competent because they are trained, and experienced on matters law. Once any court gives direction or makes decisions pertaining to any case, their decision must be respected. This is why the law allows any unsatisfied party to appeal on lower court decision in the higher courts, within a stipulated time-frame. The highest court in the land is usually the Supreme Court and their decision is final. In the absence of an appeal, all parties involved in a legal matter must adhere to the decision of the court. Any intolerance to court decisions is referred to as contempt of court.
All citizen, firms, and government institution are expected to abide by the decision of the courts. If they ignore court decision, they will be said to be in contempt. In essence, contempt of court entails ignoring court decision, behaving in a manner that undermines the court decisions or proceedings and by publishing or uttering words that will prejudice court decisions. Once a court reaches the decision that a firm or individual is in disregard of court orders, they are liable to punishment. The penalty for contempt of court is usually imprisonment or a fine. The law directs the courts on the amount of fine or maximum period of time any person can be punished for contempt of court. If the person accused of being in contempt defends themselves and convinces the court to change its mind, they can be let off the hook.